A congenital heart defect represents the problem with the structure of the heart which is present at birth. In these spectrum of disease some part of the heart doesn’t form properly before birth thus changing the normal flow of blood through the heart.
There are many types of congenital heart defects. Some are simple, such as a hole in the septum. The hole allows blood from the left and right sides of the heart to mix. Another example of a simple defect is a narrowed valve that blocks blood flow to the lungs or other parts of the body. Few are more complex. They include combinations of simple defects, problems with the location of blood vessels leading to and from the heart, and more serious problems with how the heart develops.
State of art Care for Children of All Ages
Our team offer the most advanced surgical therapy for congenital heart disease for pediatric patients of all ages, from newborns to adolescents. The conditions that we treat most often in the various age groups like
Transposition of the Great Arteries
Transposition of the great arteries results from a switch in the anatomical positions of the pulmonary artery and aorta such that the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle. This anomaly causes oxygen-poor blood to be circulated to the body instead of oxygen-rich blood, a life-threatening medical emergency requiring immediate treatment.
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is caused by an incompletely formed left side of the heart. We have limited experience with the Norwood procedure and multi-stage palliation for HLHS.The reason being these patients generally slip through the cracks of an imperfectly developed and uncoordinated, largely private based healthcare network. This results in not diagnosing the condition in time and thereby not allowing timely diagnosis and prompt intervention.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot, in which the heart delivers less oxygen to the body than normal, is the most common cyanotic defect. This complex congenital condition consists of four developmental defects that require surgical correction early in childhood.
Ventricular Septal Defects
Ventricular septal defect an opening in the wall that separates the two ventricles of the heart. This causes mixing of oxygen-poor blood with oxygen-rich blood. Also leading to high lung pressures leading to recurrent lower respiratory tract infection and failure to thrive.
Atrial Septal Defects
Atrial septal defect, an opening in the wall between the right and left atria, results in abnormal blood flow through the heart. Left untreated, this condition can cause enlargement of the right side of the heart, arrhythmias and, in some cases, pulmonary hypertension.
Coarctation of the Aorta
Coarctation of the aorta, a constriction in the aorta, causes blood pressure to increase above the narrowed area while limiting blood flow to the body.
Atrioventricular canals are large openings between the right and left sides of the heart. Usually, one large common valve replaces the normal mitral and tricuspid valves. Left untreated, this defect can cause the poor growth, malnourishment, enlargement of the heart, and even pulmonary hypertension.
Single Ventricle Disease
Single ventricle is a collective term that describes defects in which oxygen-rich and -poor blood is mixed in a single ventricle. Our expertise in the Fontan procedure, which directs oxygen-poor blood directly to the pulmonary artery and lungs. The single ventricle is reserved for collecting oxygen-rich blood from the lungs, then pumping it to the aorta and the rest of the body. We generally believe in staging the procedure in children, unlike older individuals who ,if eligible could have a single stage operation.
Valve repair, is performed for damaged mitral, tricuspid, or aortic valves. We perform the Ross procedure for children with congenitally damaged aortic valves that require corrective surgery.
Adult Congenital Heart Disease We provide highly specialized cardiology and cardiac surgery care for adults with congenital hear